Areas of Jurisdiction for Senate, House & Joint Committees*
The Senate has 16 standing committees, or permanent legislative panels. By dividing its tasks among these committees, the Senate is able to more effectively handle the high volume and intricacy of its work. The committees not only allow members of the Senate to gain specialized knowledge, but also provide valuable information for the Senate at large by investigating and reporting on various subjects.
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
The Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry oversees issues concerning the nation’s agriculture industry, farming programs, forestry and logging, and nutrition and health. In regard to agriculture, the committee has legislative oversight of production, marketing, and stabilization of prices and commodities. It also carries out inspections on a range of matters related to the industry. The committee has jurisdiction over such issues as crop insurance, farm credit and security, forestry, school nutrition programs, food stamps programs, and rural electrification and development.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, please see: http://www.agriculture.senate.gov/.
The Senate Committee on Appropriations oversees all discretionary spending legislation in the Senate, including supplemental spending bills sometimes needed during a fiscal year to pay off emergency expenses. The committee’s 12 subcommittees draft legislation to annually distribute federal funds to government agencies, departments, and organizations within their jurisdictions. The subcommittees also review the president’s budget request and outline spending plans for the upcoming fiscal year. The full Appropriations Committee reviews and modifies the subcommittees’ bills and then passes them on to the full Senate for consideration.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Appropriations, please see: http://appropriations.senate.gov/.
The Senate Committee on Armed Services oversees the nation’s military, including the Department of Defense and the departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The committee has legislative oversight of aeronautical and space activities mainly dealing with weapons systems development and military operations. It has jurisdiction over military research and development, security concerns related to nuclear energy, the maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal, the Selective Service system, benefits and privileges for Armed Forces members, and other issues related to defense policy.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Armed Services, please see: http://armed-services.senate.gov/.
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
The Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs oversees matters related to banks and banking, price controls, deposit insurance, economic stabilization and defense production, export promotion and controls, federal monetary policy, financial aid to commerce and industry, issuance and redemption of notes, and currency and coinage. It also has jurisdiction over nursing home construction, public and private housing, government contracts, and urban development and mass transit. The committee reviews, on a comprehensive basis, issues concerning international economic policy that affect the United States and its institutions.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, please see: http://banking.senate.gov/public/.
The Senate Committee on the Budget drafts Congress’ annual budget plan. This entails instituting obligatory ceilings on spending and enforcing tools for budgetary limits and timetables. The committee oversees the Congressional Budget Act and the operation of the Congressional Budget Office as well. The Budget Committee also has joint jurisdiction with the Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee over the presidential nominations of people to fill the roles of director and deputy director for Budget within the Office of Management and Budget.
For more information on the Senate Committee on the Budget, please see: http://budget.senate.gov/.
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation has jurisdiction over interstate commerce. It also oversees the regulation of consumer products and services. For example, it oversees testing of toxic materials, financial services, housing, policies for engineering and technology research and development, and transportation. The committee also oversees the Coast Guard, Panama Canal, and other interoceanic canals, dealing mainly with issues concerning communications, safety, and transportation. For example, it manages the coastal zone and oversees inland waterways and merchant marine and navigation.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, please see: http://commerce.senate.gov/public/.
Energy and Natural Resources
The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources has jurisdiction over national energy policy. This includes legislative oversight of international energy affairs and emergency preparedness. The committee oversees matters concerning Native Hawaiians and the privatization of federal assets, as well as territorial and nuclear waste policy. If there are issues related to its jurisdiction that require speedy management or are of special importance nationally, then the Energy and Natural Resources Committee will provide the necessary oversight.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, please see: http://energy.senate.gov/public/.
Environment and Public Works
The Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works has legislative oversight of issues related to environmental policy and infrastructure. For example, it oversees air pollution and the construction and maintenance of highways. In regard to the environment, the committee researches the effects of toxic substances and oversees fisheries and wildlife, flood control, noise pollution, and regulation of nuclear energy. In regard to public works, the committee has jurisdiction over bridges and dams, solid-waste disposal, regional economic development, water pollution, water resources, and public buildings such as the District of Columbia’s federal buildings.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, please see: http://epw.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=Home.Home.
The Senate Committee on Finance has legislative oversight of issues concerning revenue such as taxation policy and the United States’ debt. The committee has jurisdiction over trade agreements, tariffs and import quotas, the transportation of dutiable goods, customs, and ports of entry and delivery. The Finance Committee also oversees health programs under the Social Security Act and other health programs funded by specific taxes or trust funds.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Finance, please see: http://finance.senate.gov/.
The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations examines America’s foreign policy, paying particular attention to areas such as trade, economic development, environmental affairs, and security. The committee has jurisdiction over U.S. boundaries and diplomatic service. It oversees foreign aid in regard to economic, military, technical, and humanitarian assistance. The Foreign Relations Committee also has legislative oversight of foreign loans and the international activities of the American National Red Cross and the International Committee of the Red Cross. The committee is concerned with acquiring land and buildings for embassies and legations abroad.
International conferences and congresses and international law are also managed by the committee, along with international intervention and declarations of war. The committee works to foster American business interests abroad and has legislative oversight of the International Monetary fund and other such global organizations that deal with financial issues. U.S. involvement with the United Nations and World Bank is also managed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, please see: http://foreign.senate.gov/.
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
The Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions oversees matters relating to education, health and public welfare, and labor. In regard to education, the committee has jurisdiction over Gallaudet University, Howard University and St. Elizabeth Hospital, agricultural colleges, arts and humanities, and student loans. In regard to health and public welfare, the committee oversees biomedical research and development, the American National Red Cross, handicapped individuals, public health, and aging. The committee also has legislative oversight of child and convict labor, equal employment opportunity, and labor standards and statistics. The committee has jurisdiction over job-related safety and health, which includes private pension plans, regulation of wages and hours, regulation of foreign workers, the wellbeing of miners, and railway labor and retirement.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, please see: http://help.senate.gov/.
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
The Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs has jurisdiction over the Homeland Security Department and handles most legislation that is referred to the department. The committee oversees government information, the census and collection of statistics, the organization of the executive branch, intergovernmental relations, and municipal affairs in the District of Columbia. The committee also investigates the effectiveness of all government agencies and departments, as well as laws dealing with the organization of government. The committee has jurisdiction over budget and accounting measures, U.S. nuclear export policy, U.S. archives, federal civil service, and the Postal Service. The status of officers and employees of the United States is also under control of the committee, which includes such matters as their classification, compensation, and benefits.
The Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee also has joint jurisdiction with the Budget Committee over the presidential nominations of people to fill the roles of director and deputy director for Budget within the Office of Management and Budget.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, please see: http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/.
The Senate Committee on the Judiciary has jurisdiction over the Department of Justice and agencies under the department such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Department of Homeland Security. The committee also oversees executive nominations for positions within the agencies listed above, but also the Office of National Drug Control Policy, United States Parole Commission, United States Sentencing Commission, State Justice Institute, and Department of Commerce. Judicial nominations are also managed by the committee. These include nominations to the Court of International Trade, Supreme Court, appellate courts, and district courts. The Judiciary Committee also oversees national penitentiaries, espionage and counterfeiting, constitutional amendments, immigration and naturalization, the Patent Office, claims against the United States, bankruptcy, holidays and celebrations, and civil liberties.
For more information on the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, please see: http://judiciary.senate.gov/.
Rules and Administration
The Senate Committee on Rules and Administration oversees the administration of the Senate Office Buildings and Senate wing of the Capitol. The committee also has jurisdiction over congressional organization and rules and regulations, which include floor and gallery rules of the Senate. The committee handles corrupt practices, Federal elections, contested elections, and the credentials and qualification of members of the Senate. The Government Printing Office and the printing and correction of the Congressional Record are also under the control of the Rules and Administration Committee. The committee manages the Library of Congress, presidential successions, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Botanic Gardens. It also purchases books and manuscripts and erects monuments in memory of various individuals.
The Rules and Administration Committee also works to strengthen Congress, particularly the Senate, by simplifying its operations and improving its relationships with various branches of the government. It should also identify court proceedings that are important to Congress and bring them to the attention of the Senate at large.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, please see: http://rules.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=Home.
Small Business and Entrepreneurship
The Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship oversees all matters related to small business. The committee periodically studies and reports on problems that American small business enterprises face.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, please see: http://sbc.senate.gov/public/.
The Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs has jurisdiction over veterans’ compensation, government-issued life insurance for service in the armed forces, national cemeteries, and war pensions. The committee also works to help servicemen readjust to civil life by overseeing soldiers’ and sailors’ civil relief, veterans’ hospitals, medical care and treatment of veterans, and veterans’ vocational rehabilitation and education.
For more information on the Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, please see: http://veterans.senate.gov/.
The House of Representatives has 20 standing committees, or permanent legislative panels. By dividing its tasks among these committees, the House of Representatives is able to more effectively handle the high volume and intricacy of its work. The committees not only allow members of the House to gain specialized knowledge, but also provide valuable information for the House at large by investigating and reporting on various subjects.
The House Committee on Agriculture oversees the nation’s agriculture policies. It has jurisdiction over the plant, animal, and dairy industry. The committee oversees adulteration of seeds, insect pests, soils, entomology, plant quarantine, and agricultural engineering. Forestry and forest reserves, including the protection of birds and animals in those reserves, are also presided over by the committee. The panel has legislative oversight of production, marketing, and price stabilization for agricultural products and commodities. It also carries out inspections on a range of matters related to the industry. The committee has jurisdiction over agricultural colleges and experiment stations, agricultural education-extension services, and agricultural economics and research. The committee also oversees human nutrition and home economics, rural electrification, rural development, and water conservation associated with the Agriculture Department’s activities.
For more information on the House Committee on Agriculture, please see: http://agriculture.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Appropriations has jurisdiction over setting specific government expenditures. It also oversees rescissions of appropriations, transfers of unexpected balances, and legislation reported by other committees that grant new entitlement authority.
For more information on the House Committee on Appropriations, please see: http://appropriations.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Armed Services has jurisdiction over defense policy, ongoing military operations, and the organization and reform of the Department of Defense and Department of Energy. It also oversees counterdrug programs; Defense Department security and humanitarian assistance; acquisition and industrial base policy; technology transfer and export controls; joint interoperability; and the Cooperative Threat Reduction program. The Energy Department’s nonproliferation programs and detainee affairs and policy are also under the jurisdiction of the Armed Service Committee.
For more information on the House Committee on Armed Services, please see: http://armedservices.house.gov/.
The House Committee on the Budget has jurisdiction over the federal budget process. It has legislative oversight of the establishment, extension, and enforcement of special controls over the budget. This includes oversight of budgetary actions toward government agencies that are off budget, as well as oversight of measures providing exemption from reduction under orders issued under the 1985 Balanced Budget and Emergency Control Act.
For more information on the House Committee on the Budget, please see: http://budget.house.gov/.
Education and the Workforce
The House Committee on Education and the Workforce has jurisdiction over education and workforce programs. In regard to education, the committee oversees school choice for low-income families; teacher quality and teacher training; scientifically based reading instruction; vocational and technical training; early childhood and preschool education programs such as Head Start; school lunch and child nutrition programs; adult education; and the Department of Education’s financial matters. The committee also presides over the No Child Left Behind Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and the Higher Education Act. Programs and services for the care of at-risk youth; child abuse prevention; child adoption; and antipoverty programs such as the Community Services Block Grant Act and the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program are also under the committee’s jurisdiction.
In regard to the U.S. workforce, the committee oversees pension and retirement security; access to healthcare and other employee benefits; job training; adult education; and workforce development initiatives. The committee also works to protect the democratic rights of individual union members. It oversees worker health and safety; equal employment opportunity and civil rights in employment; worker’s compensation; family and medical leave; relationships between employers and employees; the Fair Labor Standards Act; and other matters dealing with wages and hours of labor.
For more information on the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, please see: http://edworkforce.house.gov/.
Energy and Commerce
The House Committee on Energy and Commerce has legislative oversight of national energy policy, energy information, and interstate and foreign commerce. It oversees biomedical research and development, consumer affairs and protection, and interstate energy compacts. The committee also oversees health care and health facilities, except health care supported by payroll deductions. The committee has jurisdiction over the exploration, production, storage, supply, marketing, pricing, and regulation of energy resources as well. The conservation of energy resources; the generation and marketing of power; and the reliability and interstate transmission of, and ratemaking for, all power are also presided over by the committee. In addition, the committee takes charge of the siting of generation facilities, excluding the installation of interconnections between government waterpower projects.
The committee also oversees general management of the Department of Energy and the Federal Energy Regulation Commission. It has jurisdiction over public health and quarantine; regulation of the domestic nuclear energy industry; regulation of interstate and foreign communications; and travel and tourism.
For more information on the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, please see: http://energycommerce.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Ethics has legislative oversight of all matters related to the Code of Official Conduct. The committee also recommends administrative actions to establish; investigates alleged violations of the Code; reports to suitable authorities the evidence of a violation; provides advisory opinions on the propriety of current or proposed conduct of a member, officer, or employee; and delivers general guidance on such issues. The Ethics Committee is also responsible for considering requests for written waivers of the gift rule; enforcing the gift rule; Financial Disclosure Statements; and outside employment of House staff with respect to the Ethics in Government Act. The committee is charged with administering the specifications of the Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act; offering ethics training to House staff; and approving privately sponsored travel for them.
For more information on the House Committee on Ethics, please see: http://ethics.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Financial Services has legislative oversight of issues concerning the economy, the banking system, housing, insurance, and securities and exchanges. The committee also has jurisdiction over monetary policy, international finance, international monetary organizations, and efforts to combat terrorist financing. Through its oversight of the Federal Reserve Board and individual reserve banks, the Treasury, the production and distribution of currency, and the nation’s capital markets, the committee also has authority over the nation’s economy.
Generally, the House Committee on Financial Services also has jurisdiction over the following government agencies: the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Credit Union Administration, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, and the Export-Import Bank.
For more information on the House Committee on Financial Services, please see: http://financialservices.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Foreign Affairs has jurisdiction over foreign assistance. This includes oversight of development assistance, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, the Millennium Challenge Account, HIV/AIDS in foreign countries, security assistance, and Public Law 480 programs abroad. The committee also oversees the Peace Corps; national security developments affecting foreign policy; strategic planning and agreements; war powers; treaties; executive agreements; and the deployment and use of United States Armed Forces. Peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and enforcement of United Nations or other international sanctions are also presided over by the committee.
The committee manages arms control and disarmament issues as well. It has jurisdiction over the United States Agency for International Development (USAID); activities and policies of the State, Commerce, and Defense Departments; and other agencies related to the Arms Export Control Act and the Foreign Assistance Act. The committee also has jurisdiction over international law; promotion of democracy; international law enforcement issues such as narcotics control programs; the Broadcasting Board of Governors; embassy security; international broadcasting; public diplomacy; information policy; and international education and cultural programs.
For more information on the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, please see: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Homeland Security has jurisdiction over general U.S. security policy. It oversees the organization and administration of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), as well as its functions relating to several areas. These areas include border and port security, excluding immigration and non-border enforcement. They also include customs, excluding matters related to revenue. The integration, analysis, and dissemination of homeland security information; domestic preparedness for and collective response to terrorism; research and development; and transportation security are also under the committee’s jurisdiction.
For more information on the House Committee on Homeland Security, please see: http://homeland.house.gov/.
The Committee on House Administration oversees the general administration matters of the House of Representatives. It oversees appropriations from accounts for committee salaries and expenses, except for the Appropriations Committee. It also handles auditing and selling these accounts. The committee presides over House information resources and the allowance and expenses of House members, delegates, the resident commissioner, officers, and House administrative offices. The committee oversees the employment of House staff, office space assignments, and various House facilities. Additionally, it presides over the disposition of useless executive papers; travel of members; raising, reporting, and use of campaign contributions for House candidates; and compensation, retirement, and other benefits for employees of Congress.
The House Administration Committee also manages the House Library; statuary and pictures; acceptances or purchases of works of art for the Capitol; purchases of books and manuscripts; the Botanic Garden; and the Library of Congress. The Smithsonian Institution and Franking Commission are under its jurisdiction as well. The printing and correction of the Congressional Record is presided over by the committee, along with federal elections; contested elections; and credentials and qualifications.
For more information on the Committee on House Administration, please see: http://cha.house.gov/.
The House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HSPCI) oversees the US Intelligence Community, including the military intelligence program and the intelligence and intelligence related activities of 17 elements of the US government. It shares some jurisdiction with other House committees; for matters dealing with the Department of Defense, jurisdiction is shared with the House Armed Services Committee and other branches of the military. Formed in 1977, it was preceded by the Select Committee on Intelligence.
For more information on the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, please see: http://intelligence.house.gov/.
The House Committee on the Judiciary oversees the judiciary and civil and criminal proceedings. It has jurisdiction over administrative practice and procedure; apportionment of representatives; bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting; and civil liberties. Constitutional amendments; criminal law enforcement; federal courts and judges, and local courts in the territories and possessions; immigration policy and non-border enforcement; and interstate compacts are also under its jurisdiction. The committee manages claims against the United States, national penitentiaries, and presidential succession as well.
Patents, the Patent and Trademark Office, copyrights, and trademarks; protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies; revision and codification of the statutes of the United States; state and territorial boundary lines; and subversive activities affecting the internal security of the United States are also presided over by the Judiciary Committee. In addition, the committee oversees members of Congress, attendance of members, and their acceptance of incompatible offices.
For more information on the House Committee on the Judiciary, please see: http://judiciary.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Natural Resources has jurisdiction over fisheries and wildlife. This includes oversight of research, restoration, refuges, and conservation. The committee oversees forest reserves and national parks created from the public domain. It handles forfeiture of land grants and alien ownership, including alien ownership of mineral lands. The committee also oversees the Geological Survey; international fishing agreements; interstate compacts on distribution of waters for irrigation purposes; irrigation and reclamation; and acquisition of private lands to complete irrigation projects. Native American relations, such as the care and allotment of Native American lands and measures concerning claims paid out of Native American funds, are also under the committee’s jurisdiction.
The Natural Resources Committee oversees military parks and battlefields; national cemeteries administered by the Secretary of the Interior; parks within the District of Columbia; and the erection of monuments. Mineral land laws; mineral resources of public lands; mining interests generally; mining schools and experimental stations; oceanography; and marine affairs, including coastal zone management, but excluding measures concerning oil and other pollution of navigable waters; are presided over by the committee. The panel also oversees petroleum conservation on public lands and conservation of the radium supply in the U.S.; preservation of prehistoric ruins and objects of interest on the public domain; public lands generally, including entry, easements, and grazing; and the Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline, excluding ratemaking.
For more information on the House Committee on Natural Resources, please see: http://naturalresources.house.gov/.
Oversight and Government Reform
The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee essentially has legislative oversight of everything the government does. It has jurisdiction over the federal civil service, which includes intergovernmental personnel. It also oversees the status of federal officers and employees, including their compensation; classification; and retirement. The committee presides over the District of Columbia’s municipal affairs. It oversees federal paperwork reduction; government management and accounting measures; holidays and celebrations; the overall economy; federal procurement; the Postal Service; public information and records; the relationship between the federal government and states; and executive branch reorganizations.
For more information on the House Committee on Oversight and Reform, please see: http://oversight.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Rules is charged with setting limits on debates and discussions for bills before they go to House floor. Generally, the committee oversees rules and joint rules, except those concerning the Code of Official Conduct and the House’s order of business. Congressional recesses and final adjournments are also under the committee’s jurisdiction.
For more information on the House Committee on Rules, please see: http://www.rules.house.gov/.
Science, Space, and Technology
The House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology oversees energy research and federally owned and operated nonmilitary energy laboratories. The committee also has jurisdiction over astronautical research and development, including resources, personnel, equipment, and facilities; civil aviation research and development; environmental research and development; marine research; and commercial application of energy technology. The panel oversees the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); standardization of weights and measures; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); the National Space Council; the National Science Foundation; the National Weather Service; outer space, including exploration and control; and science scholarships.
For more information on the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, please see: http://science.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Small Business works to protect and assist small business. In order to do so, the committee oversees financial aid, regulatory flexibility, and paperwork reduction. The Small Business Committee also has legislative oversight of the Small Business Administration and its programs.
For more information on the House Committee on Small Business, please see: http://smallbusiness.house.gov/.
Transportation and Infrastructure
The House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure presides over all modes of transportation: aviation, maritime and waterborne transportation, roads, bridges, mass transit, and railroads. The committee also oversees other aspects of the nation’s infrastructure. The panel’s six subcommittees are charged with handling different parts of the committee’s overall jurisdiction. The subcommittees are: Aviation; Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation; Economic Development; Public Buildings and Emergency Management; Highways and Transit; Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials; and Water Resources and Environment. Together, they oversee such matters as clean water and waste water management; the transport of resources by pipeline; flood damage reduction; the economic development of depressed rural and urban areas; disaster preparedness and response; activities of the Army Corps of Engineers; and various Coast Guard missions.
For more information on the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, please see: http://transportation.house.gov/.
The House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs presides over the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. It oversees cemeteries in the U.S. that veterans of any war or conflict are or may be buried in, excluding cemeteries administered by the Secretary of the Interior. The committee also has jurisdiction over the compensation, vocational rehabilitation, and education of veterans. Government-issued life insurance for service in the armed forces and pensions for all wars are also under the committee’s jurisdiction. In addition, the committee oversees readjustment to civil life; civil relief; veterans’ hospitals; and medical care and treatment.
For more information on the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, please see: http://veterans.house.gov/.
Ways and Means
The House Committee on Ways and Means oversees all taxation, tariffs, and other revenue-raising measures. This includes jurisdiction over customs revenue; collection districts; ports of entry and delivery; reciprocal trade agreements; revenue measures relating to insular possessions; and bonded U.S. debt. The committee also oversees the deposit of public moneys; transportation of dutiable goods; and tax-exempt foundations and charitable trusts. Also under the committee’s jurisdiction are Social Security and health care and health facilities programs funded by general revenues instead of payroll deductions and work-programs.
For more information on the House Committee on Ways and Means Committee, please see: http://waysandmeans.house.gov/.
Joint Economic Committee
The Joint Economic Committee is a bicameral committee composed of 10 members from the Senate and 10 members from the House of Representatives. There are 10 Democrats and 10 Republicans on the committee. The committee was established in 1946 by the Employment Act. Its main purpose is to continually study issues directly pertaining to the United States economy. It does this by holding hearings, performing research and advising Members of Congress.
For more information on the Joint Economic Commttee, please see: http://www.jec.senate.gov/.
Joint Committee on Taxation
The Joint Committee is composed of ten members, 5 from the Senate Finance Committee and 5 from the House Ways and Means Committee. The chairmanship is decided based on rotations of both committees. During the first session of Congress, the House has the chair and during the second session, the Senate controls the chair. They are responsible for choosing the Chief of Staff of the joint committee, who is responsible for choosing the remaining staff for the committee. The main duties of the committee are: analysis of the internal revenue tax system, brainstorming ways to simplify taxes, and review credits of taxes over 2 million dollars.
For more information on the Joint Committee on Taxation, please see: https://www.jct.gov/.
*The information in this article was found on committee websites and in CQ Weekly.